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, following a referendum in january. the people of southern sudan voted overwhelmingly to declare independence from the north. two decades of civil war between the two regions have left at least one put 5 million people dead. -- 1.5 million people that. >> just hours ago now. the new nation is born. southern sudan will become the republic of south sudan. we are here at the house of somebody who knows a lot about the struggle to reach this point. i am with rebecca garang. how are you feeling at this particular moment? >> thank you very much for the opportunity. it is a very great moment for all of us. we thank god that we are still alive to be here today. there are many colleagues and comrades who perished during the war. but we're here for their blood. so we're happy and grateful for their contribution to this nation. in our struggle, i know what was going on. but for the people of southern sudan, the ones for really rejoicing. i feel very happy to hear their voices on the streets of southern sudan. >> were there times when you thought we would never get to this point? where people could say f
leaders. >> just hours to go now until the new nation is born. southern sudan is going to become the republic of south sudan. we are here at the house of someone who knows about the struggle to reach this point. she is the widow of the head of the sbla. how are you feeling? >> thank you for the opportunity. it is a very good moment for all of us. we are glad to be alive to be here today. there are many colleagues and comrades to be perished during the war, but we are here for their blood. we are very happy and grateful for their contribution. always in the struggle, i knew what was going on, but the majority of people had no idea. they had no idea. i feel very happy to hear their voices outside on the street. >> were there times you thought, we are never going to get to this point where we will be -- where people can say free at last? >> for me, no. my husband was a great man. he brought in a lot of international witnesses from many countries. they were involved. there was no way out for them to dishonor this agreement even though he is not here. >> some people say that the split
've seen in the 20th and 21st century. the challenges in front of the new government of southern sudan are absolutely enormous. in the coming months, the government is going to have to decide how to distribute political power, how to organize the economy, how to structure its military, how to deliver public goods and basic services. i don't think we've seen anything on this scale, as i said, for more than 100 years. the south is going to have to be doing all of these different things based with the largest capacity gap in africa, and it is, as we know, one of the most underdeveloped faces on the place of the planet. having said that, the record of the south in the last six years during the comprehensive peace agreement is truly impressive. i don't think there's any place elsewhere so few people have achieved so much in such a short period of time, and that's why all of us who are here are confident that although the challenges are enormous, although they can't be underestimated, there is every indication that the south will succeed. >> do you feel that the neighbors, the international
to hear that southern sudan becomes the united nation's 193rd member and africa's 54th country. what does it mean to hear that? >> oh, very, very exciting. half of me is empty and half of me is excited. the emptiness is the people that i have lost you know, for this war. i have lost a lot of relatives, lost a lot of friends. and so the emptiness is there but the excitement to be able to see that we are free and to be able to see that our people work so hard, you know, to get our generation of freedom is very good. >> it seems like it is very difficult to look forward without looking back. 2 million people killed over 50 years span of civil wars. you and i spoke a few months ago how meaningful it was to be able to cast that vote. >> that is the outcome. we were fighting for for 21 years and we lost life and we have made a lot of challenges, not a stoppable moment until we come -- the same period we took to referendum, the same period we are going to take tonight to show the whole world what our brothers and sisters have offered themselves has come to an end. >> i wonder, southern sudan, ri
, the republic of south sudan will become the world's newest nation. the people of southern sudan voted overwhelmingly for independence from the north. as the deadline draws closer, southerners living in the northern part of the country are living in huge numbers. my colleague joins us from sudan's capital. tell me what the atmosphere is like as they watched what was their southern territory -- prepared to leave them behind. >> no celebrations, no banners. all that is going on in some farewell parties. what is the move? it is fairly mixed. people fall into three groups. those who say, "what a shame the south is breaking away. there are those who say to not blame them because they're so much hatred between the two parts of sudan. there are those people who expressed the fact that they think the southerners might have buyer's remorse and they may seek reunification with the north, like east and west germany. a lot of people simply say -- what a shame. sudan will no longer be the afr. togoes from #aruntnumber one three. >> there are difficult areas still in working out the relationship, an
are not with their countrymen died for. >> southern sudan will become an independent state on saturday when it secedes from the north. one day before the world's biggest countries born, moon met with sudanese officials and ask both sides to work hard to forge a peaceful coexistence. he condemned the recent fighting along the border. thousands of sudanese have been fleeing government troops and militia in the border region. germany, opposition has failed. riyad thought to be paying for battle tanks. they argue the tanks could be used against protesters and pointed to saudi arabia's recent military intervention in bahrain. >> the t too cast your vote and listened in on the debate as it went into overtime. the opposition again demanded an explanation for the government decision. the request fell on deaf ears. >> there is no question the government and chancellor should do away with the secrecy and provide information to the bund estag. she should but she does not want to. >> for the second time, the government has shied away from the debate. >> merkel remains adamant and refuses to provide information on the
can successfully organize a peaceful separation. >> next week on july 9, southern sudan will declare independence, removing the foundation of the mission of the united nations, so thehere will probably be a nw mission. >> i hope we will succeed in adopting a successor mandate for the south. of course, it would be best if the north cooperated, and i hope that germany can make relative contribution to this mission. >> in syria, the situation is completely unclear. thousands of syrians have fled to turkey. syrian troops have attacked villagers in the boborderegion. more and more people are demonstrating against the regime. a libyan-style intervention is not l likel but germany intends to keep syria on the security council agenenda. >> it is scandalous t that the security council still has not strongly condemned the regime. the best thing would be sanctions, of course. the regime must be politically isolated. we cannot really intervene. it would be morere difficult. it is different from libya. >> libya is a constant issue and is likely to remain so until gaddafi has been dealt with. >> g
in need have been cut off from humanitarian relief. sudan must not put down this road again. southern kurdistan meets the modern and both sides need to agree by a cease-fire. chastity is a recurring and they messed up and they must be accountability. despite these grave worries, there are also positive signs. sudan was the first country to recognize the south as an independent state. this was puzzling to acknowledge that fact, not just because it suggests hope for the relationship between north and south, but for the relationship between sudan and the united states as well. because of the january referenda president obama initiated a review of sudan's designation as a sponsor of terrorism. completion of the process press on the review itself as well as the resolution of all the issues have dna from the comprehensive peace agreement, including abyei and obviously this process will not go forward if gross human rights violations are taking place. finally, the true transformation of the u.s. sudanese relationship runs through darfur were. khartoum needs to recheck his recent return to a
definitely, they have spoken, and they turned in numbers and voted and yes, now finally it's southern sudan and it's independent. and at least they can start to rebuild to get on that journey. >> we talked about sudan who had been racked by decades of war between the muslim north and the crist south. a -- christian south. are you concerned about more war there? >> i think everybody is very concerned just about the reaction of independence. like i said, again, nobody wants anymore bloodshed, it's been way too much killing that's taken place in the past and every family has lost so many of their family members, just to get to this stage where they can have already what is their land. so i believe that this really signifies that there's going to be unity because there's no way that everyone would have turned out for more than 90% to vote. so definitely everyone is looking at the bigger picture and i think that every other humanitarian organization or people in general, this is the time to go in there and to help with the infrastructure and so forth. >> as i said, as i was leading into you that
sudanese author wrote a book on southern sudan and say while people are celebrating tonight, many critical problems remain unsolved. >> what i hope for the two separatists now is that we look forward rather than looking backward. >>> the two sides still need to decide on a border and decide how to divide oil that travels through pipelines in the north. >> we have to lease a one people into separate states. >> reporter: the president of the sudanese corporation says the sudanese living here worry about their homeland and wonder what will happen once national borders are set. >> there are people from the south living in the north in the capital and other parts of the northern sudan. there are people from the north who are living also in the south and we want to keep that choice available to everybody so that they enjoy the richness and the diverse niche of sudan. >> reporter: this week the republican of south sudan is expected to become the 104th country recognized by the united nations. >> i'm frustrated and i'm hurt. >>> we hear from an oakland police sergeant who became embroiled in the
of fiber. not that anyone has to know. fiber beyond recognition. fiber one. >> it's official. southern sudan, an independent state in the eyes of the american government now. and the sudanese here in our area are celebrating all over. this was the scene outside the country's new embassy in northwest washington. president obama called the probing clam makes a birth -- pro clam makes a birth of a new nation. there's no infrastructure and few natural resources so it will be tough. >>> an army veteran who lost both legs in iraq is killed after being thrown from a roller coaster. it happened at the theme park resort 30 miles east of buffalo, new york. he was ejected early friday night from the roller coaster known as the superman ride of steel. >> the girls came in and one was like, i can't stop shaking. the other was like let me see if i've got blood in my hair. i'm thinking maybe a bird ran into them or something like that. i said, are you okay? because she was shaking pretty bad. she was like, yeah, some guy just fell out of the superman and like in front of me. >> sergeant hacker died a
that the 2005 peace agreement which gave southern sudan the right of determination was signed and some say colin powell is actually here today to celebrate with the people of southern sudan, susan. >> all right, south sudan is in celebration mode. you can hear it behind nima. thanks so much. we appreciate it. >>> we are checking the top stories for you on this saturday morning. new signs of unrest in the egyptian capital where tens of thousands of protesters return to tahrir square last night. they are not please with the reforms after the ouster of former president mubarak earlier this year. some pledged to stay in the square for 18 days. the length of the revolution that toppled mubarak. >>> the federal aviation administration wants fedex fined more than $689,000. the shipping company is accuse of breaking federal rules on transporting hazardous materials on cargo planes. a fedex spokeswoman said all the cases involved paperwork errors that never put the aircraft in any danger. last month the united kingdom's transport ministry banned fed eksz from bringing cargo due to security issues. >>> in
marked the moment and said the internet for news. locate one wrote a book on southern sudan and said many challenges remain. >> what i wish for the two separate states now that we look forward rather than looking back. >> reporter: the two sides still need to agree on a border and decide how to divide oil revenues, a rich resource that comes through the south. >> we have to leave -- one people, two separate states and that we work together toward closer cooperation. . >> reporter: the president of the association of northern california said many of the one thousand or so living here worry about their homeland and wonder what will happen when national borders are set. >> there are people from the south living in the north, in the capitol, in the northern sudan and people from the north who are living in the south and we want to keep that choice available to everybody so they enjoy the richness and the diverse nature of sudan. >> reporter: this week the republic is expected to be the 193rd country recognized by the united nations. >> more quakes off the northern coast of japan. more tha
, we have on a series of multi owner trust funds. there is one in the southern sudan. these are critical because if a country has 40 donors and each one is the wrong problem, they -- each one have their own program, they have a hard time getting basic staffing. so they get overwhelmed. it makes much more sense to put the money into one pot, add the country or on its priorities so -- work with the country on its priority some that they on it, help them build the capacity, and then be very careful in terms of trying to improve the governance and transparency and others so that the money goes where it needs to go. >> here is another question. what is the bank doing to promote the rights and status of women at the policy level? >> i referenced a little that about the gender report that we will have coming out in september. i hope this will move us to another stage, but over the past two years, we have been trying to get people around the world to understand the basic concept, which is that gender equality is smart economics. let's start with the basic concept, if you take
humanitarian relief. sudan must not go down this road again. southern kordofan needs the united nations monitoring mission on both sides need to agree and abide by a cease-fire. atrocities are occurring. they must stop and they must be accountability. this bike is great worries, there are also positive signs. sudan was the first country to recognize the south as an independent state. it's worth pausing to acknowledge that fact. not just because it suggests hope, for the relationship between north and south, but for the relationship between sudan and the united states as well. because of the successful january referendum, president obama initiated a review of sudan's designation as state sponsors of terrorism. completion of that process rests on the review itself, as well as the resolution of all the major issues outstanding from the comprehensive peace agreement, including abyei. and, obviously, this process will not go forward if gross human rights violations are taking place. finally, the true transformation of the u.s. sudanese relationship runs through darfur. cartoon needs to rejec
with the government is. but our usaid administrator told me that in his visit to southern sudan that technology that we could introduce today would have a dramatic effect on the yield in southern sudan. he's very optimistic that we can do that, and he's very focused on it. i hope you get a chance to talk to him as he came back enthusiastic. also, the minister of agriculture in south sudan is terrific, and she's heavily focus on these opportunities. >> this is great news, both with rosh hashanah as well as the new secretary of agriculture in sudan are on the right track. for the benefit of the people of the country as well as some degree of peace. based on that situation. i joined a gym once again and thank you so much for your comment today. it's been a very important hearing and you've given very important and encouraging testimony to us. >> thank you. it's a great privilege always to be before you send of the group spent i will conclude by saying the hearing is adjourned. [inaudible conversations] [inaudible conversations] [inaudible conversations] [inaudible conversations] [inaudible convers
sudan, an on-the-ground report on new clashes as the southern part of the country prepares for independence saturday. >> brown: and ray suarez talks to david epstein of "sports illustrated," as former pitching great roger clemens faces charges of lying to congress about taking performance- enhancing drugs. that's all ahead on tonight's "newshour." major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> i mean, where would we be without small businesses? >> we need small businesses. >> they're the ones that help drive growth. >> like electricians, mechanics, carpenters. >> they strengthen our communities. >> every year, chevron spends billions with small businesses. that goes right to the heart of local communities, providing jobs, keeping people at work. they depend on us. >> the economy depends on them. >> and we depend on them. >> and by the bill and melinda gates foundation. dedicated to the idea that all people deserve the chance to live a healthy productive life. and with the ongoing support of these institutions and foundations. and... this program was made possib
are under way in juba, which will most likely be the capital of southern sudan. this is what it will be called, south sudan. and of course among those attending the cell brag celebr will be susan rice along with colin powell. so there are concerns, however, as all these celebrations and preparations are under way that there are reports of trouble maybe on the horizon. there are satellite images from a monitoring group that are showing a build up of sudanese troops close to the border with its new neighbors, so we'll very to see what may happen on saturday or sunday, but there is still concern even amidst these preparations for celebrations. >> we'll be watching that. there is also a coal mine fire wednesday night in china, 36 miners trapped. what's the update? >> this is what we've been seeing in eastern china, this was an air compressor that caught fire on wednesday evening local time and what happened is 36 miners were trapped underground in this coal mine in eastern china. what we've seen earlier in the week, coal miners trapped in southern china due to flooding because o
. southern sudan voted overwhelmingly split from the north in a january referendum. >>> in italy a vigil was held by protesters upset about plans to build a high speed rail line linking the country to france. they are upset about the drilling. they claim it can cause potentially harmful materials to be released from the atmosphere. >>> in spain a company opened a power station where electricity is generated by ocean waves. says the first of the kind in the world. the station will provide enough electricity to power 250 homes. sfwlirchlgts in brazil an 11-year-old boy known for being a human magnet is getting a lot of attention. he seems to be able to attract spoons, scizzors, even cameras to his torso. the boy and his father demonstrating his ability by placing a pot on his chest. what is that about? anyway, the tsa is stepping up security this weekend after a new terror warning. the department of homeland security issued a bulletin this week after a threat of so-called body bombs. explosives surgically implanted inside the bodies of would-be terrorist wrshz i'm joined now live by cindy
with us. after six years of struggle, southern sudan is celebrating its independence day today. what is ahead for the new nation? >>> and the wait is over for royal watchers. the duke and duchess of cambridge mix business and pleasure on a three-day trip to california a california. >>> a live picture now from the west lawn of the u.s. capitol where the dalai lama will give a speech on world peace within minutes. we'll bring you there. >>> from the cnn center in atlanta, this is "cnn saturday" morning, i'm susan hendricks sitting for t.j. holmes. >>> we begin with the death of former first lady, betty ford. she was 93 years old. she became first lady in 1974, when her husband, gerald ford, took over following the resignation of richard nixon, but her greatest legacy may be the contribution she made to the battle against addiction. cnn's thelma gutierrez joins me live now from the betty ford center in california. you are standing outside, thelma, the place that has helped so many people because of betty ford. >> reporter: yes, and as you mentioned, susan, it's definitely her greatest l
to repress the people. when peace efforts failed, southern sudan voted to become a separate nation. now if the nation creation holds, there will be a government and military to protect the people and it's hoped hospitals, development and schools. >> i think now this outcome should be respected, should be accepted, and that you should look into the future at two sovereign states as two good neighbors. >> reporter: the lost bothers and other immigrants say they now have hope for the future. >> they all want to go back if they can and bring the talents and gifts their perspective into a new country. >> reporter: in san jose, don knapp, cbs 5. >>> checking some bay area headlines now, a man turned in eight assault rifles, two handguns and live ammunition into the east palo alto police department yesterday part of the third annual gun buy-back program. it's going on today, as well. the man had heard about the program but he stated he did not want to wait to accept any of the money for his guns. >>> so today's gun buy-back program runs between 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. in the parking lot at the city h
, which affected 20 million people and killed over 1000 people. southern officials and sudan have accused northern sudan of declaring economic war by issuing a new currency just weeks after the south's independence, leading the country with large reserves of useless money. south sudan began using its own currency one week ago. now time to take a look at the business news. nice to see you. not good news for those watching the u.s. economy and the debt crisis. there's still no agreement between the white house and the folks on capitol hill. >> the time is ticking away. what is interesting is the markets do not seem to share that sense of urgency. there's a feeling in the market that this will get sorted out and that they will somehow come to a compromise. i have to say that it would be a strain for a u.s. president to risk the u.s. aaa credit rating at this time. many believe there will be a compromise, but the clock is ticking ever closer. there does appear to be a stalemate. both president obama and republican leader addressed the nation on television. here is what president obama had to
became the newest nation. south sudan broke away, the north and southern parts of the sudan have been locked in a civil war. scrimmages continue along the border but the southern sudanise are hopeful tonight. >>> governor brown announced today he has signed a law bill that clarifies california's law against cyber bullying. officials lets officials suspend students who bully other students by using an electronic device. the bill by nora campos specifies the law includes posting of bully message on a networking site. >>> this will be a working weekend for congress and the president as they try to beat the clock on the looming debt ceiling deadline. lawmakers will spend tomorrow working toward a compromise on taxes and spending cuts and they are scheduled to return to the white house on sunday to meet with the president. congress is facing an august 2 deadline to raise the $14.3 trillion debt limit or risk a government default. >>> reducing social security benefits is one plan being discussed in the debt ceiling negotiations. the cuts under consideration would reduce the cost of living r
of views across sudan but what very clearly the southern people had the right to was self-determination. and when they were given that choice, they decided that they wanted to separate so that is the right result. >> woodruff: rebecca hamilton what dow look for in the months to come to see whether this new country is getting on its feet or not. >> yeah. i think we've got to start firstly by changing the way we look at the new government of south sudan. for a long time the international community has seen the south as the victim which it has been the primary victim in the war years but now we've got to be able to hold it as accountable as we would fwhi other government to make sure it lives up to the expectations of its people. that means dealing with issues that already a problem, like corruption. a huge amount of corruption in the southern government right now. about making sure that it is putting in the work to start die vers fewing its economy because if are you 98% dependent on oil, are you in a very risky situation. and the good news is that south sudan is this incred
sides and in the nuba mountains of the northern state of southern kordofan. >> people of south sudan: congratulations! >> woodruff: saturday's 10-hour- long independence ceremony was held in blistering heat with a large u.s. delegation on hand, led by u.n. ambassador susan rice. she also opened the new u.s. embassy in juba, along with former secretary of state colin powell, who helped broker the 2005 accord. also there, the president of sudan, omar al-bashir. he remains under international indictment for alleged war crimes committed in darfur, to the west. >> ( translated ): for the sake of peace, we have accepted the separation of the south out of the united sudan so that they can form a new country. although we believe that the unity of sudan was best for the north and the south. >> woodruff: the new nation of south sudan instantly became one of the world's poorest, despite extensive oil reserves. bashir's government in the north has controlled the oil industry for years. for more on what the new nation faces, we turn to rebecca hamilton, a pulitzer center reporter, who has been co
think it's southern sudan is going to play a critical role in the region in terms of being a beacon of hope and stability. it's a brand-new country, as you know, and right now as president kiir, said, it's the bottom, really, of the list in terms of economic capability, in terms of their ability to educate their population. but if south sudan can build up with the help of the united states as well as the rest of the nations in their surrounding area, i think it's a beacon of hope for the entire region to do so as well. and that you can go from war, civil war, losing 2 million people, almost 25% of your population, to a time of disability and economic prosperity. >> heather: and what's really happened? you mentioned millions of people losing their lives. it was the black african tribes from the south battling the mainly arab north for their independence. this independence has been granted. the peace deal reached back in 2005. you say it's far from over because we have hundreds of thousands of south sedanese still enslaved in the north. correct? >> that's right. about 200,000 men, wom
. >> stephen: north and south sudan. >> and the southerners basically after having been enslaved and bombed and colonized for centuries, they decided enough is enough. we want to have our own state so they fought these successive wars against the north. finally won their right to independence. held the vote in january. voted 99% in favor of independence. and last weekend they became the latest country to become-- . >> stephen: literally last weekend they became a new country. >> that's right. >> stephen: and rand mcnally went cha ching. >> yeah. he's been very lonely, there was montenegro about a decade okay. it hasn't been a new country so this is really up rand mcnally's ally. >> stephen: these are americans in the audience so geography isn't their strong suit so let's show the people where this country is. this is africa as i remember. there is sudan and boom. south sudan. down there. (cheers and applause) now jimmy can we throw the next-- throw up the flag there. this next image is the new flag of south sudan which we've got digitally rippling there. and this is actually one of the few
, it may be in a sense of values and do we care about what happens in southern sudan or liberia? and the interconnection in the security area. the world bank publishes pose conflict or fragile states. the story of afghanistan is not just shoulders fighting, but what you can create some economically sustainable system, where the government eventually of loans the country. when i talk to the congressman, in different groups, there are those interested in economics and security, and the religious community has gotten more deeply engaged, so there are constituencies. but for all of this, there is a tremendous amount of misinformation. the u.s. foreign assistance contribution is less than 1% of the budget. we are in a difficult budget time. we have to figure out how to take cuts, and the world bank -- we put money back into the development world. we provide these benefits. the money that was first invested in the world bank has will then leverage many times. we will have an opportunity for a couple of questions at the end of the session. we have some housekeeping here to determine ho
Search Results 0 to 49 of about 66 (some duplicates have been removed)

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